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The population of District of Columbia went from 571,744 to 632,323 from 2000 to 2012 for a total growth of 60,579. The population of the United States for that same time period went from 282,171,957 to 313,914,040 for a total population growth of 31,742,083. District of Columbia had a total percentage growth for those 12 years of 10.6 percent which was slower than the overall United States total percentage growth which was 11.2 over those same years. The trends of growth for both the United States and District of Columbia can be seen on the graph below. The graph which is logarithmic indicates that although the growth was slower for District of Columbia than the United States the trends were somewhat similar over those years.
Population of District of Columbia and the United States Annually from 2000 to 2012
Territory
7/1/2012
7/1/2011
7/1/2010
7/1/2009
7/1/2008
7/1/2007
7/1/2006
7/1/2005
7/1/2004
7/1/2003
7/1/2002
7/1/2001
7/1/2000
United States
313,914,040
311,591,917
309,330,219
307,006,550
304,374,846
301,579,895
298,593,212
295,753,151
293,045,739
290,326,418
287,803,914
285,081,556
282,171,957
District of Columbia
632,323
617,996
604,912
599,657
590,074
586,409
583,978
582,049
579,796
577,777
579,585
578,042
571,744

Annual Estimates and data of the Resident Population for the United States and States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (NST-EST2009-01)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Release Date: December 2009
Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (NST-EST2011-01)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Release Date: December 2011

Graph of population growth trends for District of Columbia.

The race percentages for District of Columbia are shown with the table and charts below that indicate there have been changes from 2000 to 2012. The percentage of the population of white only has increased from 28.1 to 36.0. The percent of the black only population has decreased from 59.8 to 48.4. The percent of population of hispanic / mixed has increased from 7.9% to 10.2% and other/mixed races have increased from 4.1% to 5.4%.

Population by Race for District of Columbia
Race
July 1, 2000
% of Total
July 1, 2012
% of Total
White Only
160,987
28.1
234,225
36.0
Black Only
342,238
59.8
315,056
48.4
Hispanic* / Mixed
45,266
7.9
66,135
10.2
Other / Mixed Non-Hispanic
23,555
4.1
35,164
5.4
Total Races with Hispanic*
572,046**
100.00
650,580**
100.0

*Hispanics are technically not considered a race but rather an ethnicity.
**Note the slight difference of the population used in race chart from population chart above. Totals were taken from U.S. Census bureau which contained differences between it's total population table for the states and population totals for the state with the breakdown of the races.

Representative pie charts for the different races of the District of Columbia for it's population.

Pie chart of the population of District of Columbia by race.District of Columbia pie chart of it's population by race.

References:

Population Estimates, 2013, United States Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/data/historical/2010s/index.html

List of U.S. states and territories by population, 2013, Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_and_territories_by_population

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